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PROTECTION OF RELIGIOUS ACTIONS, NOT JUST BELIEFS

Religious action, and not just religious belief, is, in most cases, protected by the U.S. Constitution.

Religious liberty in the U.S.A. per the U.S. Constitution not only means that “all persons have the right to believe or strive to believe in a divine creator and a divine law,” [Burwell v.Hobby Lobby Stores, Inc., 134 S. Ct. 2751, 2785 (2014) (Kennedy, J., concurring)], but further means the right of the individual to “exercise” religious beliefs free from government interference [U.S. Constitution Amendment 1; 42 U.S.C. 2000bb-1(a)]. “The ‘exercise of religion’ involves ‘not only belief and profession but the performance of (or abstention from) physical acts’ that are ‘engaged in for religious reasons.’” [Employment Div., Dep’t of Human Res. of Or. v. Smith, 494 U.S. 872, 877 (1990)].

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